2 to 3 tablespoons ghee
1 stick cinnamon, coarsely ground
3 whole cloves, coarsely ground
3 cardamom pods
1 teaspoon cumin seeds
2 medium onions, chopped
salt to taste
1 cup basmati rice
1 teaspoon ground red chile (not chili powder)
10 fresh green beans, sliced in thin rounds
1 medium carrot, sliced in thin rounds
1/2 cup fresh or frozen peas
several sprigs cilantro, chopped (for garnish)
In a large, heavy, nonreactive skillet or saucepan, heat the clarified butter over medium-low heat and saut? the ground cinnamon, cloves, and cardamom pods to release their flavor. Add the cumin seeds and onion and saut? until the onion is golden, 10 to 15 minutes.
Add salt, 2 cups of water, and rice to the skillet, tightly cover, and bring to a boil. Reduce heat and simmer until rice is tender, about 25 minutes. About 5 minutes before the rice is done, add the ground chile, green beans, carrots, and peas and cook for 5 minutes. Garnish with cilantro.
Puri is simply a deep-fried chapatti. The flavor comes from the curry with which it’s eaten, typically some form of potato curry.
Ingredients 2 cups Indian whole wheat flour
1/2 Tablespoon vegetable oil
salt to taste
Measure flour in bowl. Slowly add about 3/4 cup warm water, just enough to form a firm dough, and knead till smooth. Cover, let rest at least 1/2 hour, and knead again briefly. If resting more than 1 hour, punch and knead dough again before rolling out.
Divide into small balls about golf-ball size, and roll out into 6″ rounds on an oiled board. Heat vegetable oil in a wok or saucepan. Add a little salt to the oil to keep it from smoking. Fry the puri one at a time, holding them under the oil on the first side until they puff. Turn and fry till light brown; drain.
Serve as soon as possible; these breads are not as good later.
Puri are traditionally served with any or all of the following: Chana, Black-eyed Pea Curry, Spinach Dal, Potato Curry, Brussels Sprouts, and anything with yogurt in it; Potato Curry is the best.
For spicy puris:
When making the dough, add to the dry ingredients pinches of:
This is sour curry that is popular in Bombay. In this recipe it is made with pork, but it can be made with any meat, with poultry, or even with shrimps.
2 pounds lean pork, cut into 3/4-inch cubes
1/2 cup vinegar
4 medium onions, chopped
1 teaspoon minced garlic
1 tablespoon minced gingerroot or 1/2 teaspoons powdered ginger
1 tablespoon mustard seed
1 teaspoon ground turmeric
1/2 teaspoon cayenne
1/4 cup cooking oil
1 cup chicken bouillon
6 medium potatoes, peeled and quartered
Marinate meat in vinegar, onions, garlic, and seasonings for 2 hours or more. Place in top-stove casserole with oil and bouillon. (Sesame oil is used in western India, but any cooking oil will do.) Cook over medium heat for 20 minutes. Add potatoes and cook slowly, covered; for about 40 minutes, or until they are tender. Add more bouillon if necessary. Makes 6 servings.
4 c Flour, all purpose
450 g 5/8 c Milk or warm water
150 ml 2 tb Yogurt
1 tb Yeast,dried
1 ts Sugar
3 tb Ghee or butter
2 tb Poppy seeds
1 tb Sesame seeds
Variation: Badami Naan
2 c Almonds; blanched finely & -shredded
White sesame seeds
Leavened bread of Northern India (Uttar Pradesh)
Sprinkle yeast and sugar into the hot milk or water, leave it for 20 minutes. Sift together flour, dalt in a large bowl, and make a well in the centre. Put yogurt and 2 tbsp butter in the yeast mixture. Knead well and leave it aside for 3-4 hours, in a warm place until doubled in size.
Punch down dough and divide into 8 balls. Let it rest for 10 minutes. Roll out each ball in the shape of triangles or make a round disk. then pull on one side to make a teardrop shape. Mix together 1 tsp ghi or butter, poppy seeds and sesame seeds. Spread a little of the above mixture on each naan. Place them on a baking tray. Cook in a preheated oven (375F/ 190C/ gas mark 5) for 4-5 minutes until brown specks appear. If the naan is not brown enough then put under a preheated grill for a minute or two.
Variation: Badami Naan – Brush each sada naan with oil or butter before baking them. Sprinkle almonds and white sesame seeds on the greased side of every naan.
Cook in a preheated oven, for 4-5 minutes.
SOURCE: _Rotis and Naans of India_ by Purobi Babbar
1 lb Monkfish, skinned
Milk to cover
1/4 lb Shrimp, shelled
3 tb Tomato paste
1/2 ts Curry powder
2 ts Lemon juice
1/4 ts Fresh rosemary, chopped or -pinch of dried
1 pn Of saffron or tumeric
3/4 c Light or single cream
Salt and pepper to taste
Preheat oven to 350 degrees F. Put the monkfish in a pan just large enough to hold it. Pour the milk over and place the pan over moderate heat. Bring to a simmer, cover, and cook for 8 minutes. Turn the fish and cook 7 minutes longer, or until the fish is cooked through. When the monkfish is nearly done, add the shrimp and cook 2-3 minutes, or until they turn pink. Drain fish and shrimp, discarding milk. Cut the monkfish into bite-size pieces.
Beat the eggs with the tomato paste, curry powder, lemon juice, rosemary, saffron and 1/2 cup cream. Mix in the fish and shrimp and season to taste with salt and pepper. Turn into 4 individual ramekin dishes and pour an equal amount of the remaining cream over the top of each dish. Bake for 20 minutes, or until set. Serve hot with a squeeze of lemon and a crusty french type bread.
This is an appetizing and stylish way to start a meal. For a light lunch dish for two, cook this in one ovenproof dish and serve it with a green salad and boiled new potatoes.
2 lb boneless chicken
4 medium sized onions
8 cloves garlic
1 bunch of coriander (cilantro) leaves
1 tsp cummin (jeera) seeds
white pepper to taste (around 1 tsp if you don’t have a prior)
1 tsp garam masala (available in indian stores)
salt to taste
(for garnishing) lemon spring onions (red onions are ok)
1. Mince the chicken
2. Grind all ingredients together except eggs and salt
3. Mix in the eggs and salt
4. Shape into sausages, put on skewers and cook over charcoal fire or in rotisserie till tender
5. Garnish with onions and lemon
In this dish, fish is topped with coconut-cilantro chutney, wrapped in leaves, and baked. Here lettuce leaves substitute for the traditional banana leaves. This is a popular dish around Bombay where fish and coconuts are fresh and abundant.
Serves 6 to 8
1 cup unsweetened grated coconut ( preferably fresh)
1-2 small chilis
3 garlic cloves, coarsly chopped
1 Tbl. chopped fresh ginger root
1/2 cup chopped fresh cilantro
1/4 cup fresh lime juice
1 1/2 tsp. ground cumin seeds
1 tsp. salt
1 tsp. brown sugar (optional)
Main dish ingredients
2 pounds firm, white-fleshed fish fillets
6-8 large lettuce leaves for wrapping (leaf lettuce works well)
1/4 cup melted butter or ghee
2 Tbl. fresh lime juice
1 lime, sliced
In the bowl of a food processor or in a blender, combine the chutney ingredients and process until quite smooth. If using a blender, it may necessary to add one or two Tbl. of water and to blend the ingredients in batches.
Rinse the fish and cut into 6 to 8 serving sized pieces. Place each piece at the bottom of a lettuce leaf and spread a generous spoonful of the chutney on top. Fold the rest of the leaf down over the fish and tuck in the edges to form a packet.
Place the packets in an oiled baking dish and drizzle the butter and 2 Tbl. of lime juice over them. Bake, covered, at 350 F. for 30 to 40 minutes, until the lettuce looks wilted and browned. The lettuce may be eaten or not, as desired.
Serve with rice and Tomato Kachumber and garnish each serving with a slice of lime. Or serve the fish accompanied by a simple side dish of cherry tomatoes stir-fried with some oil and minced garlic.
Note: If you are pressed for time or are out of lettuce leaves, you can simply spread the chutney on top of the fish and bake approximately 10 minutes less. The chutney can be served by itself to accompany any Indian meal. Parsley can be used in place of the cilantro. from Sundays at Moosewood Restaurant
Yellow potatoes, scrubbed and quartered (or eighted 🙂 depending on size)
a chopped onion
a handful of fresh or frozen peas
optional: other vegetables might include carrots, cabbage, cauliflower, whatever you want
a good bit of madras curry powder (to taste, maybe starting from a teaspoon per estimated serving) (8 parts coriander, 4 parts cumin, 1 part cayenne, and 2 parts turmeric)
a big handful of cilantro leaves optional garnish
This comes out great with everything but cilantro and garnish cooked in a pressure cooker; otherwise “sautee” the onion and curry powder in a little apple cider vinegar, then add the potatoes and optional vegetables and a little vegetable broth. Simmer until the potatoes are almost done; add peas. simmer about five minutes. Stir in cilantro; serve immediately with yogurt if desired.
1 kg meat (chicken/lamb/prawns)
4 cups rice (ideally basmati)
10 cloves garlic
2″ piece of ginger
10 dried red chillies
3 large onions
3 large tomatoes
10 mint leaves
pinch of saffron
6 large potatoes
1 tspturmeric powder
4 tbs cooking medium (butter tastes best)
4″ stick of cinnamon
salt to taste
An amount of water which is “correct”. If basmati rice, then it’s 1.8 cups of water per cup of rice.
1. Make a paste of the garlic, ginger and chillies.
2. Chop the onions and the tomatoes (don’t mix ’em up). The onions should be rings, ideally.
3. Peel, cut and wash the potatoes in 1.5″ pieces.
4. Clean and wash the rice.
1. Clean and cut the meat into 1.5″ pieces. If the chicken is bony (i.e., not boneless) ignore this step.
2. Fry the onions till golden brown. This is a long and painful process, but keep the faith. Remove the onions, drain of oil, and put ’em aside. Chuck the ginger-garlic-chilly paste into the same oil. Fry for 6 minutes. Put in the meat and fry for K minutes. If lamb, K = 10; otherwise K = 5. In either case, you want the meat to be half cooked before starting stage 3.
3. Add chopped tomatoes, cloves, cinnamon, cardamoms, turmeric, mint leaves and salt and fry for 5 minutes. Add a little water and cook till the meat is 75% cooked. This will take a short while for chicken/prawns, and longer for lamb.
4. Now add the rice and potatoes. Add the rest of the water and cook (covered) till the rice is ready. A slow flame will work better than a powerful one. Stir occasionally.
5. Serve hot, garnished with the fried onions.
(This recipe is from the Taj Hotel in Bombay!).
Ajay Shah, (213)734-3930, firstname.lastname@example.org